What Are the Signs of Dehydration in Children? 

on

If it seems like all your baby does is sleep, eat and deliver dirty diapers, things are exactly as they should be. Babies’ tummies are tiny and, compared with bigger kids and adults, reserve less fluid in their bodies.

Add that to their super-busy metabolism and you can see why they need to eat. Or, more accurately, drink around the clock. So you might be wondering: Why is my baby dehydrated?

Also Read : Does the End Really Justify the Means in All Casesimg-20191119-wa00001207921477.jpg

If your baby is exposed to extreme temperatures or loses fluids due to vomiting, diarrhea or sweating, he can quickly become dehydrated. Here are the signs of dehydration along with how to prevent and treat it in babies.

Is My Baby Dehydrated? What Are The Signs Of Dehydration In Babies?

Is your baby dehydrated? Mild to moderate dehydration, which can often be treated at home, show symptoms like:

Fewer wet diapers than normal

Darker, more concentrated urine

Lethargy, less activity

Fussiness

Parched mouth, lips

No tears when crying

If your baby suffers from a prolonged illness with several symptoms that cause dehydration, severe dehydration may occur. Severe dehydration requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms include:

Also Read : Meet Anthony Nweke, A Veteran Author

Sunken eyes and fontanels (which are the soft spots on your baby’s head)

Lethargy: Inactivity and not responding to touch or your voice

Rapid heartbeat

No tears when crying

12 or more hours since last wet diaper

Dry mouth, no saliva, and chapped lips

Pale skin that doesn’t snap back into place when pinched

Causes Of Dehydration In BabiesScreenshot_20191119-235840~2

Dehydration is caused when the body loses water and nutrients faster than they can be replaced normally. Newborns have much smaller reverses of water in the body. Infants and young children, become dehydrated more quickly than adults. Especially when battling illnesses that rapidly deplete fluids.

Ginna Crochets IMG-20190728-WA0000

Diarrhea is the most common cause of dehydration in young children and babies . The reason is that during an episode of diarrhea, a baby loses water and electrolytes quickly. And it becomes challenging to replace these nutrients through bottle or breastfeedings. The risk is especially high when diarrhea persists for more than a couple days.

Also, when diarrhea is coupled with other symptoms that deplete body water, dehydration can set in faster. For instance, when combined with vomiting, the risk of dehydration is even more serious. Other symptoms that can lead to increase fluid loss include fever, sore throats, etc. These discourage babies from drinking voluntarily, overheating and excessive sweating.

Treatment of Dehydration In BabiesScreenshot_20191119-235829~2.png

Even if your breastfed or formula-fed baby is throwing up or has diarrhea, continue to offer breast milk and/or formula regularly — at least as often as usual, if not more if she can take it.

Wait an hour after your baby throws up and then offer a teaspoon of liquid every 10 minutes for an hour. If your baby can keep it down, you can gradually increase the amount you’re offering.

Book Store

For older babies who have started solids, water may be sufficient in mild cases. If there’s a substantial fluid loss, especially if baby has a combination of diarrhea and vomiting, your child’s pediatrician may also recommend offering older babies liquids for electrolyte replacement (i.e. drinks such as Pedialyte) to replace sodium and potassium lost in diarrhea and/or small amounts of water. Make sure you follow your doctor’s advice about how and when to give these.

Oral Rehydration for Treating Mild to Moderate Dehydration

For mild to moderate dehydration, an oral rehydration drink can help replenish vital nutrients and water. In fact, oral rehydration drinks like DripDrop are recommended as a first-line of treatment for child dehydration by a variety of expert groups, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization.

The amount of rehydration fluid you should give your baby depends on her size and the degree of dehydration. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), children weighing less than 10 kg (22 pounds) should drink 60 to 120 ml (2-4 ounces) of ORS for each episode of vomiting or diarrhea. And those weighing more than 10 kg should drink 120 to 240 ml (4-8 ounces) of ORS.

The Rehydration Project provides the following rough guide to the amount of ORS needed in the first 4 to 6 hours of treatment for a mildly dehydrated person:

Up to 11 pounds: 200-400 ml

11-22 pounds: 400-00 ml

22-33 pounds: 600-800 ml

33-44 pounds: 800-1000 ml

44-66 pounds: 1000-1500 ml

66-88 pounds: 1500-2000 ml

88+ pounds: 2000-4000 ml

Resource: Web MD

This article was first published on AfricaParent.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s